VESSELS / VALVES
The ESWA is an induced draft, counterflow design closed circuit cooler with a CTI Certified capacity range of 900 to 18500 MBH (264 to 5422 kW). Standard construction includes the patented, high efficiency Sensi-Coil® technology, EVAPAK Fill and G-235 (Z725-Europe) galvanized steel casing and basin. Type 304 stainless steel construction is available for the basin or the entire unit.
ESWA Closed Circuit Cooler - Design Features
The ESWA Closed Circuit Cooler is an Advanced Technology, induced draft counterflow design closed circuit cooler featuring EVAPCO's patented Sensi-Coil® technology - the most efficient in the industry. The counterflow design provides the ESWA Closed Circuit Cooler with inherently better operational and maintenance features. The ESWA is now standard with CTI Certified Performance including the Super Low Sound Fan option.
Principle of Operation The warm process fluid circulates from the heat source to the coil of the closed circuit cooler. The fluid in the coil transfers its heat through the coil tube walls in a sensible exchange to the spray water that floods over the tubes. Having gained heat from the coil, the spray water then falls to the sump where it is circulated by the spray pump up through distribution piping to the spray nozzles. The warmed spray water is then distributed as a thin film over the fill-deck surface for maximum cooling efficiency. The fan system operates simultaneously, moving large volumes of air through the unit in a direction opposite the falling water. The air and water contact directly across the fill-deck surface whereupon a small portion of the spray water is evaporated. The evaporation process provides a latent exchange of heat from the spray water to the air passing through the unit. The air is then discharged from the unit as a warm and saturated stream with a final dissipation of heat to the atmosphere. The spray water exits the fill-deck module as a cooled fluid where it floods across the coil in a repeat cycle. Efficient Drift Eliminators The eco-ATWB-H is equipped with an efficient drift eliminator system that effectively reduces entrained water droplets from the air discharge to less than 0.001% of the spray water flow rate. The eliminators are constructed of non-corrosive PVC with a multi-pass design for maximum drift reduction. They are assembled in modular sections for easy removal and access to the water distribution system. In addition to reducing drift, the eliminators also function as effective debris screens which protect the spray system from sunlight and debris. Superior Air Inlet Louver and Screen DesignThe air inlet louver screens on the eco-ATWB-H are constructed of corrosion-free PVC. They are a two pass design that minimizes splashout and reduces the potential for algae formation inside the cooler. In single pass louver systems used by other manufacturers, circulating water droplets tend to splashout, especially when the fans are shut off. With the two pass louver system, the water droplets are captured on the inward sloping pass, minimizing splashout problems. This unique louver design completely encloses the basin area. Direct sunlight is blocked from the water inside the cooler, thereby reducing the potential of algae formation. Water treatment and maintenance costs are substantially reduced. While effectively containing the recirculating water and blocking sunlight, the louver design has a low pressure drop. The low pressure drop results in lower fan energy consumption, which reduces the operating costs of the cooler. Patented EVAPAK® Fill The patented EVAPAK® fill is specially designed to induce highly turbulent mixing of the air and water for superior heat transfer. The fill-pack is constructed of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) sheets which are thermally formed into a cross flute design. The individual fill sheets are bonded together to form rigid fill blocks. The fill blocks are then stacked within the unit's protective casing. The structural strength of the assembled fill deck enables it to be used as a working platform. EVAPAK® fill is impervious to rot and decay, and is self-extinguishing with a flame spread rating of 5 per ASTM Standard E84. Patented Sensi-Coil® Technology (US Patent #7,296,620)The Sensi-Coil®, exclusive on the ESWA closed circuit cooler, features the maximum amount of Thermal-Pak elliptical tubes packed closely together in a coil arrangement designed with over 20% additional coil surface area. EVAPCO's coils are manufactured within the most stringent of quality control procedures. Each circuit consists of high quality steel tubing formed into a continuous serpentine circuit. Each circuit is then inspected and tested prior to being welded into a framed coil assembly. The coil assembly is then pneumatically tested at 400 psig under water to ensure its integrity. The entire coil assembly is then hot-dip galvanized for industrial strength corrosion protection. Now EVAPCO offers the TITAN COIL. Manufactured from type 304L Stainless Steel, the TITAN COIL is manufactured using Evapco's patented elliptical tube Sensi-Coil ®design upgraded to Xtra Tough construction featuring: Xtra Durability, Xtra Corrosion Resistance, and an Xtra long 5 YEAR coil warranty as standard.. Maintenance Free ZMII® Water Distribution System EVAPCO’S Zero Maintenance ZMII® Spray Nozzle remains clog-free while providing even and constant water distribution for reliable, scale-free evaporative cooling under all operating conditions. The heavy duty nylon ZMII® Spray Nozzles have a 1-5/16” diameter opening and a 1-1/2” splash plate clearance enabling EVAPCO to use 75% fewer nozzles. Furthermore, the fixed position ZMII® nozzles are mounted in corrosion-free PVC water distribution pipes that have threaded end caps. Together, these elements combine to provide unequaled coil coverage and scale prevention, and make the industry’s best performing non-corrosive, maintenance-free water distribution system. The water distribution is designed to provide a minimum 6 GPM over each square foot (4 liters per second over each square meter) of unit plan area to ensure proper flooding of the coil.Principle of OperationEfficient DriftEliminatorsSuperior Air Inlet Louver and Screen DesignEVAPAK FILLPatented Sensi CoilWater Distribution
ESWA Closed Circuit Cooler - Maintenance Features
Designed for easy maintenance, the ESWA Closed Circuit Cooler leads the industry in service friendly features. The three most critical areas for closed circuit cooler maintenance are the basin, drive system, and coil. The ESWA basin section is designed to allow quick and easy access from outside the cooler. Just like the basin, all service to the drive system can be safely performed from the side of the cooler, and EVAPCO's Power-Band drive system is the easiest belt drive system to maintain in the industry! The exclusive Thermal-Pak® Coil is designed for trouble-free maintenance and long life straight from the factory.
The cold water basin section is easily accessible from ground level by simply removing the (2) two Quick Release Fasteners on the inlet louver assemblies surrounding the closed circuit cooler and lifting out the lightweight louver.
This open basin design enables the basin to be easily cleaned.
Clean Pan Basin Design
Features a sloped basin from the upper to lower pan section. This "Clean Pan" design allows the water to be completely drained from the basin. The closed circuit cooler water will drain from the upper section to the depressed lower pan section where the dirt and debris can be easily flushed out through the drain. This design helps prevent buildup of sedimentary deposits, biological films and minimizes standing water.
Easy, Removable Air Inlet Louvers with Quick Release Fasteners
A Quick Release Fastener design consisting of (2) two large thumbscrews and a latch system. By loosening the thumbscrews, the latch pulls up and out of the louver frame, allowing the louver to be removed while the latch and thumbscrews stay on the closed circuit cooler.
Motor Mount, Power Band Belt Adjustment and Bearing Lubrication
The fan motor and drive assembly are designed to allow easy servicing of the motor and adjustment of the belt tension from the exterior of the unit. The T.E.F.C fan motor is mounted on the outside on these models and is protected from the weather by a cover which swings away for maintenance.
A large hinged access door is located on the side of the unit for easy access to the fan drive system. The belt can be adjusted by tightening the J-Bolts on the motor base and the tension can be checked easily through the access door, all while standing at the side of the unit. The bearings can also be lubricated from the side of the unit. The bearing lubrication lines have been extended to the exterior casing and are located by the access door, thus making bearing lubrication easy. Sloped access ladders are available as an option to facilitate maintenance.
Motor Mount, Power Band Belt Adjustment and Bearing Lubrication
The T.E.A.O. fan motor is located inside the fan casing on the large ESWA Closed Circuit Cooler, and is mounted on a rugged heavy duty motor base. The motor base is designed to swing completely to the outside of the unit through a very large, hinged (14 square feet) (1,3 square meters) access door greatly simplifying motor maintenance.
The unique swinging motor mount designed for these models features easy belt adjustment from the exterior of the unit. The T.E.A.O. fan motor is mounted on an adjustable base which is supported by two heavy duty galvanized steel pipes. The belt is adjusted by tightening an all-thread which runs through the motor base.
The innovative motor base features a unique locking mechanism for a positive belt adjustment and is also used to adjust the belt tension if a wrench is not available.
Bearing lubrication fittings are extended to the side of the unit inside the access door to allow easy application of the bearing lubricant. This external location allows for easy servicing of the bearings and is another important advantage of EVAPCO equipment.
To facilitate motor removal, an optional motor davit is available.
Stainless Steel Strainers
The EVAPCO standard for many years, the stainless steel strainer is one component of the closed circuit cooler subject to excessive wear and corrosion. With stainless steel construction, this component will last the life of the cooler.
EVAPCO's exclusive elliptical Thermal-Pak® coil is manufactured at EVAPCO from high quality steel tubing following the most stringent quality control procedures. Each circuit is inspected to assure the highest material quality and then is tested at 400 psig (2758 kPa) under water to ensure it is leak free. To protect the coil against corrosion, it is placed in a heavy steel frame and then the entire assembly is dipped in molten zinc (hot-dip galvanized) at a temperature of approximately 800° F (427° C). The tubes are pitched in the direction of fluid flow to provide good liquid drainage.
NOTE: Closed Circuit coolers should only be used on sealed, pressurized systems. Continual aeration of the water in an open system can cause corrosion inside the tubes of the cooler leading to premature failure.
Clean Pan Basin Design
Easy, Removable Air Inlet Louvers w/ Quick Release Fasteners
Motor Mount, Power Band
Belt Adjustment and Bearing Lubrication - 8-1/2' Wide Models
Motor Mount, Power Band
Belt Adjustment and Bearing Lubrication - 12'
Stainless Steel Strainers
Thermal Pak Coil
ESWA Closed Circuit Cooler - Drive Systems
The ESWA Closed Circuit Cooler is an Advanced Technology, induced draft counterflow design closed circuit cooler featuring EVAPCO's patented THERMAL-PAK® COIL - the most efficient in the industry. The counterflow design provides the ESWA Closed Circuit Cooler with inherently better operational and maintenance features. The ESWA is now standard with CTI Certified Performance including the Super Low Sound Fan option
Closed Circuit Cooler models utilize heavy duty totally enclosed (T.E.F.C. or T.E.A.O) fan motors designed specifically for closed circuit cooler applications. In addition to the standard motors offered on each cooler, EVAPCO offers many optional motors to meet your specific needs, including:
for VFD Applications 8.5' (2,6 m) wide ESWA models feature T.E.F.C. motors are located on the outside of the unit, protected by a hinged, swing away cover. 12' (3,7 m) wide ESWA models have T.E.A.O. motors located inside the fan section on a heavy duty motor base which swings to the outside for repair or removal.
Fan Shaft Bearings
The fan shaft bearings on the Closed Circuit Cooler are specially selected to provide long life, minimizing costly downtime. They are rated for an L-10 life of 75,000 to 135,000 hours, making them the heaviest duty pillow block bearing in the industry used for Closed Circuit Cooler duty.
Power-Band Belt Drive
The Power-Band drive is a solid-back multigroove belt system that has high lateral rigidity. The belt is designed for closed circuit cooler service, and is constructed of neoprene with polyester cords. The drive belt is sized for 150 percent of the motor nameplate horsepower ensuring long and trouble free operation.
Drive System Sheaves
Drive system sheaves located in the warm, moist atmosphere inside the cooling tower are constructed of an aluminum alloy. Those located externally are protected by a hinged cover.
The standard design of the EVAPCO eco-ATWB provides the customer with the most efficient and easiest Closed Circuit Cooler to maintain in the industry. There are additional options which can make maintenance easier, extend the life, or enhance the performance capabilities of the Closed Circuit Cooler.